Publishing Ethics and Best Practices
PUBLISHING ETHICS AND BEST PRACTICES
The Journal of the Geological Survey of Brazil (JGSB) adopts the guidelines set forth by international organizations about plagiarism, authorship criteria, best practices (erratum, corrigendum, retraction), and ethics on scholarly publishing, such as the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) (http://publicationethics.org/), the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ) (https://doaj.org/publishers#advice), and the Council of Science Editors (https://www.councilscienceeditors.org/).
JGSB uses the Crossref Similarity Check system (iThenticate) to detect text similarity, plagiarism, and self-plagiarism. In the case of suspicion or detection of these issues, manuscripts are returned to the author(s), who have to explain the fact. In case of a confirmed detection of plagiarism, the manuscripts are excluded from the review process.
CONFLICT OF INTEREST
All actors involved in the submission-review-publishing process (authors, co-authors, editorial board and reviewers) must reveal any conflict (or possibility of) interest, including financial, personal or institutional issues that can influence the evaluation-publishing process.
AUTHORSHIP AND AUTHORSHIP CHANGES
Authors are those researchers who participated in the conception/design and supervision of the project from which the submitted article resulted, the researchers who participated in the collection and/or interpretation and/or validation of data and in the writing of the manuscript, as well as those who contributed in manuscript editing and revision. Artificial intelligence tools do not meet these criteria, so they are not considered authors.
The order of authors in the manuscript is a decision of the research group and must be defined before the manuscript is submitted for publication. Any changes in this initial authorship order or inclusion/exclusion of authors after the initial submission of a manuscript should be justified in written and the document must be signed by all authors, including those being added or excluded.
USE OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE TOOLS
The use of large language models - LLM (artificial intelligence tools, chatbot etc...) must be transparent and declared and specified in some appropriate section of the submitted manuscript (preferably in the sections on methods, or introduction, or acknowledgments). As noted above, in the section on authorship, artificial intelligence tools are prohibited from authoring research articles.