Neoarchean, Rhyacian and Neoproterozoic units of the Saquinho region, eastern Rio Piranhas-Seridó domain, Borborema Province (northeastern Brazil): implications for the stratigraphic model

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Rogério Cavalcante
Vladimir Cruz Medeiros
Alan Pereira Costa
Jaziel Martins Sá
Roberto Ventura Santos
Joseneusa Brilhante Rodrigues
Alexandre Ranier Dantas
Marcos Antonio Leite Nascimento
André Luiz Carneiro Cunha


Aeromagnetic, petrographic and isotopic data coupled with information obtained from a deep stratigraphic hole (440 m), shallow drillings (<100 m), and field data from the surroundings of the Saquinho iron mine in the Rio-Piranhas-Seridó domain of the Borborema Province, northeastern Brazil, allowed to identify a Neoarchean unit while providing a better understanding of the stratigraphy of the Jucurutu Formation, the host of the iron mineralization, and its basement. The drill hole allowed differentiating three compartments (upper, intermediate and lower). The upper compartment consists of paragneisses/schists, marbles and banded iron formations (top to bottom, respectively) correlated to the Jucurutu Formation (Seridó Group). The marbles provided δ13C and δ18O values ranging from 2.4 to 10.4‰ and from -9.7 to -5.3‰, respectively, which are compatible with those of marine-glacial carbonates and correlated to those of the Jucurutu Formation. The intermediate compartment consists of amphibole-bearing biotite augen gneiss, varying in composition from alkali feldspar granite to syenogranite, with U-Pb zircon dating (LAMMC-ICPMS) of 2210 ± 13 Ma, correlating it with the Rhyacian augen gneisses described in the literature. Finally, the lower compartment consists of a sequence composed mainly of microaugen gneisses, fine banded gneisses and metamafic-metaultramafic rocks (Saquinho Complex). The U-Pb zircon dating (LAM-MC-ICPMS) provided Neoarchean ages of 2512 ± 3 Ma and 2501 ± 3 Ma, respectively, for microaugen gneisses and metamafic-metaultramafic rocks, which were considered as crystallization ages of the protoliths. In the lower part of the drill hole, disseminated sulfides (pyrite, chalcopyrite, and more rarely pyrrhotite) occur, especially in the metamafic-metaultramafic lithotypes, which added to the Neoarchean age of the lithotypes, may represent new economic/metallogenic targets for the Seridó region. The geological model proposed for the iron formations of the Saquinho area involves the interaction of fluids with the Neoarchean mafic rocks, which percolated brittle and/or ductile/brittle structures.

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Cavalcante, Rogério, Vladimir Cruz Medeiros, Alan Pereira Costa, Jaziel Martins Sá, Roberto Ventura Santos, Joseneusa Brilhante Rodrigues, Alexandre Ranier Dantas, Marcos Antonio Leite Nascimento, and André Luiz Carneiro Cunha. 2018. “Neoarchean, Rhyacian and Neoproterozoic Units of the Saquinho Region, Eastern Rio Piranhas-Seridó Domain, Borborema Province (northeastern Brazil): Implications for the Stratigraphic Model”. Journal of the Geological Survey of Brazil 1 (1):p. 11-29.
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